ASSOCIATION OF PLACENTA PREVIA WITH A HISTORY OF PREVIOUS CESARIAN DELIVERIES AND INDICATIONS FOR A POSSIBLE ROLE OF A GENETIC COMPONENT
Matalliotakis M, Velegrakis A, Goulielmos GN, Niraki E, Patelarou AE, Matalliotakis I
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Michail Matalliotakis, Venizeleio & Pananio General Hospital of Heraklion, Knossos Avenue, 71409 Heraklion, Greece. Tel: +30-281-036-8304. Mobile: +30-694-386-1582. Fax: +30-281-036-8305. E-mail: mihalismat@hotmail.com
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Abstract

A prior Cesaria section (C-section) is an important risk factor that leads to endometrial damage and abnormal implantation of the placenta. Our retrospective study aims to correlate the frequency of placenta previa to previous C-sections, to determine the effect of male gender in this condition and to evaluate further the maternal outcome. Seventy-six cases with placenta previa were selected out of 5200 live births. Diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasound and in the operating theater. In the 76 women examined, we found 50 cases with a history of a previous C-section (66.0%) and 49 male offspring (65.0%) (p <0.001), with a mean birth weight of 2635 740 g. Of all these patients, six (8.0%) cases developed placenta percreta, seven (9.0%) were transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU), 14 (18.0%) women needed blood transfusion and eight (11.0%) underwent hysterectomy. The results of our series show a strong correlation of placenta previa to a history of previous C-sections and a predominance of male fetuses. Early recognition and proper monitoring could minimize the possibility of a poor outcome.



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